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Eye disease caused by sunlight

Summer is a time when the body needs a lot of protection. There are several things we need to take care of to stay warm and healthy. In addition to the barriers to the body, the intense heat of summer also significantly affects the eyes. If we do not take proper care of our eyes at high temperatures, we may catch many eye diseases.

All the factors that adversely affect the eyes and cause vision problems are seen in summer. When use sunscreens to protect the skin, do not neglect to protect the eyes, which are one of the most important and delicate parts of the body. 

Lets read on for some common eye diseases in the summer and some tips for caring for our eyes this season.

Summer Heat and Eye Diseases 

The summer sun can adversely affect the eyes and cause various vision problems. Excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays can lead to cataracts, retinal damage and other eye problems.  Let us look at the most common ones.

1- Cataract

A cataract is the opacification of the natural lens of the eye. It is the most common cause of vision loss in people over the age of 40 and is also the leading cause of blindness worldwide. Besides, with age, the risk factors for cataracts include ultraviolet radiation. To prevent cataracts, we should wear sunglasses that block 100% of the sun’s UV rays. To buy online polarized sunglasses in Pakistan one can visit websites like,, etc.

However, complete prevention of cataracts through sunglasses is not guaranteed, as the disease can also be triggered by physiological factors other than sun exposure.

2- Macular degeneration

Macular degeneration occurs when the small central portion of our retina, called the macula, wears out. The retina is the light-sensitive nerve tissue behind the eye. It usually does not cause blindness, but can cause serious vision problems. Several well-known studies have suggested that sun exposure may be a risk factor for macular degeneration and that the skin’s sensitivity to sunlight and iris colour play a central role in determining macular degeneration.

3- Eye cancer

Most melanomas affect the skin, but some developments in other parts of the body, including the eyes. Eye cancer (ocular melanoma) develops in the pigment-producing cells that give colour to the eyes. Exposure to UV light may increase the risk of conjunctival melanoma. This melanoma occurs on the surface of the eye.

What type of sunglasses protects from serious sun diseases?

Not all sunglasses are equally effective. Whether they are vintage, cheap, expensive or polarized, they may or may not fulfil their role of protecting our eyes.

Most sunglasses today have UV protection built into the lens, rather than covered over it, and most famous brands list UV protection on their label. Look for a label that says “100% UVA and UVB protection” or “100% UV 400 protection.”

What preventive measures we can take for our eyes apart from sunglasses?

  • Wear ultraviolet protective sunglasses when going out in the summer. 
  • Avoid direct sunlight hitting our eyes
  • Six to eight hours of sleep helps to revitalize our eyes naturally.
  • Lubricants can be used to prevent dry eyes.
  • If eye problems are found in the early stages, do treatment and simple eye exercises. 
  • In the summer, we can keep our eyes fresh by rinsing our eyes frequently with cold water.
  • Massage our eyes with cucumber and cucumber slices. 
  • Include foods like green leafy vegetables, fruits and carrots in our daily diet.

The eyes are the most important part of our body. Life is incomplete without sight. So we should take good care of them. For more eye care related stuff visit